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The differences between Spumante and Prosecco

Prosecco VS Spumante: in this article we will explain you if there are differences between Spumante and Prosecco

Differences between Spumante & Prosecco

A very frequently asked question is about the differences between Prosecco and Spumante . This question interests not wine lovers but also dummies.

First of all it is important to clarify that “Spumante” is a wide class that includes different sparkling wines.

The Prosecco is often a spumante but not always it can be classified in the “spumanti” category since it can also be “frizzante” (sparkling) or “tranquillo” (still).

The “spumante” is a wide class that includes every wine obtained through the  “spumanti vinification” and it also contain the Prosecco spumante.

Is it now clear what is the difference between Spumante and Prosecco? Let’s discover more details

DIFFERENCES PROSECCO VS SPUMANTE

PRODUCTION AREA

The spumante (sparkling) is a vinification method and it can be produced in different regions. On the other hand, Prosecco DOCG and DOC have a specific production area between Veneto and Friuli regions in Italy. Moreover the Prosecco Superiore Conegliano-Valdobbiadene DOCG is only produced in a limited territory between Conegliano e Valdobbiadene (two towns in province of Treviso).

GRAPES

The spumante can be created from different grapes blends (Chardonnay, Pinot, ecc). The Prosecco instead is only made by glera grape (in the Prosecco DOC can be accepted blends with Verdiso, Pinot blanc, gris or noir but the basis must be glera)

VINIFICATION METHOD  

The spumante has two different production methods:

  • Metodo classico or champenoise, with re-fermentation into the bottle 
  • Martinotti method or Charmat, with re-fermentation in autoclave

The Prosecco is only made using the Metodo Martinotti or Charmat, never in Metodo Classico. 

  • Important details: as said before, NOT EVERY PROSECCO IS A SPUMANTE 

It is true that the Prosecco is a spumante, but it is also true that not every Proseccos are spumanti. In the production area of the Prosecco DOC are also produced Proseccos NOT spumanti as the Prosecco Frizzante Spago DOC (during spring it is re-fermented in bottle for few weeks so that people can drink it in summer or autumn). Another difference is the Prosecco Tranquillo (that it hasn’t any bubble, it is not sparkling). 

SIMILARITIES BETWEEN PROSECCO AND SPUMANTE

Differences between Spumante & Prosecco

Not only differences between brut and dry, there are also some similarities between Prosecco and Spumante. For example, the wine classifications related to the amount of sugars. They can be classified as:

  • DOSAGE ZERO /PAS DOSE’/ BRUT NATURE  (residual sugar less than 3 gr/lt, the liqueur d’expedition or sugars are never added after the second fermentation)
  • EXTRA BRUT (residual sugar between 0 and 6 gr/lt)
  • BRUT (residual sugar less than 12 gr/lt)
  • EXTRA DRY (residual sugar between 12 and 17 /gr/lt)
  • DRY, SEC (residual sugar between 17 and 32 /gr/lt)

As well explained above, a spumante with a residual sugar almost zero can be classified as Extra Brut (only in the Asolo Prosecco DOCG area) and as Brut.

Taste the difference!

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